Messiaen, Olivier

(1908-1992)
   composer
   Born in Avignon, Olivier Messiaen trained at the Paris Conservatoire. organist at the church of La Trinité in Paris, he was professor at the École normale de musique, at the schola Cantorum, then at the Paris Conservatoire (1942). Influenced by césar franck and claude debussy, the music of Messiaen was frequently inspired by religious and mystical symbols. His work is also often characterized by the use of different rhythms of Oriental origin (Bali) or by medieval modes (Gregorian plainsong). An ornithologist, he interspersed his musical notation with the songs of birds and assimilated these into his composition. His orchestration (often including exotic percussion instruments) is considered rich, as is his sonority and use of harmonies and harmonics. All these elements come together in a highly experimental and personal manner. Messiaen's works include pieces for organ (La Nativité du Seigneur, 1935; Les Corps glorieux, 1939; Messe de la Pentacoste, 1950; Livre d'orgue, 1952), vocal works (Poèmespour mi, 1936; Trois Petites Liturgies de la présence divine, 1943-44); works for piano (Préludes, 1929; Vingt Regards sur l'Enfant Jésus, 1944), chamber music (Quartuor pour la fin des temps, 1941), works for orchestra (Les Offrandes oubliées, 1930; Turangalîlâ-Symphonie, in 10 parts, 1960; Chronochromie, 1960; Couleurs de la cité céleste, 1963), and works for choir and orchestra, motets, and melodies. Among these is the opera Saint François d'Assise (1983) and Éclairs sur l'au-délà, for orchestra (performed in New York City, 1992). Messiaen also wrote a number of texts on musicology. one of the founders of the Jeune France group (1936), Messiaen had a number of notable students, including pierre boulez.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Messiaen, Olivier — ▪ French composer in full  Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen   born Dec. 10, 1908, Avignon, France died April 27, 1992, Clichy, near Paris  influential French composer, organist, and teacher noted for his use of mystical and religious… …   Universalium

  • Messiaen, Olivier — (10 December 1908, Avignon, France – 27 April 1992, Clichy, Hauts de Seine)    Composer, teacher, and organist of world renown, Messiaen wrote little explicitly liturgical music an unpublished mass dates from 1933 and an organ mass from 1951 but… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Messiaen, Olivier — ► (1908 1992) Compositor y organista francés. Su estilo se dirige a la música serial generalizada, sin olvidar los elementos modales orientalizantes presentes en casi toda su obra. Obras: Cuarteto para el fin de los tiempos (1941) y Visiones del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Messiaen, Olivier (-Eugène-Prosper-Charles) — Olivier Messiaen. born Dec. 10, 1908, Avignon, France died April 27, 1992, Clichy, near Paris French composer. At age 11 he entered the Paris Conservatoire, where he won five first prizes. In 1931 he became principal organist at the church of the …   Universalium

  • Messiaen, Olivier (-Eugène-Prosper-Charles) — (10 dic. 1908, Aviñón, Francia–27 abril 1992, Clichy, cerca de París). Olivier Messiaen. Compositor francés. A los 11 años de edad ingresó al conservatorio de París, donde obtuvo cinco primeros premios. En 1931 se convirtió en el organista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Messiaen, Olivier EugèneProsper Charles — Mes·siaen (mĕ syänʹ, syäɴʹ), Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles. 1908 1992. French composer and organist who was a noted teacher and theorist. His avant garde works were generally large scale and based on themes like love, nature, and Christianity. * …   Universalium

  • Messiaen — Messiaen, Olivier …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Olivier Messiaen — en 1930 Nom de naissance Olivier Eugène Charles Prosper Messiaen Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Olivier Messiaen — Retrato de 1930 Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Messiaen — Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (* 10. Dezember 1908 in Avignon; † 27. April 1992 in Paris) war ein französischer Komponist, Kompositionslehrer und Organist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Kindheit 1.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.